MDS experts, Dr Rafael Bejar and Dr Casey O’Connell, explain how MDS-related anemia is diagnosed. Doctors will first do tests to determine if the anemia is due to other treatable causes that are outside of the bone marrow – such as nutritionaldeficiencies, certain types of bleeding, and kidney dysfunction. If other treatable causes are ruled out, then the next step is a procedure called a bone marrow biopsy. The biopsy sample will be reviewed under a microscope for abnormal cells and genetically tested to gain insight into the bone marrow in order to make a diagnosis.
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